Uterine fibroids are growths made up of muscle and connective tissue. These are not cancerous growth. Fibroid clusters can range from 1 mm to more than 20 cm. Moreover, these growths develop within the wall of the uterus or in the central cavity of the organ, or even on the outer surface. Fibroids vary in size, number, and even location in the uterus. Doctors can feel some uterine irregularities during physical examination, which might suspect the presence of fibroids.
An Ultrasound test provides an image of the uterus and detects any fibroids which may be present. Doctors prescribe a blood test to check for anemia, any blood disorders, or thyroid issues. Fibroids are usually nodules attached to a thin stem. It makes them appear like mushrooms. In addition, a fibroid can not develop into a malignant tumor. It is infrequent; one out of a hundred people can have a malignant fibroid. However, women with a tendency for rapid growth or fibroids growing during menopause should immediately consult their gynecologist.
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How Can One Detect Uterine Fibroids?
Most small fibroids do not show any symptoms, nor do they cause any serious trouble. However, larger fibroids can give many symptoms.
- Women have excessive or painful bleeding during menstruation.
- If there is a feeling of fullness in the lower abdomen or bloating.
- If a woman is experiencing frequent urination because a fibroid puts pressure on the bladder
- If one is having low back pain or constipation problems.
- If anyone complains of chronic vaginal discharge.
- If there is an inability to urinate or empty the bladder.
- Women who have an increased abdominal enlargement make the abdomen look as if they are pregnant.
Is Uterine Fibroid Painful?
Small fibroids do not cause any pain, nor do women experience them as having them in their uterus. Moreover, Fibroids are common in all women. Some symptoms of uterine fibroids usually go away after women complete their phase through menopause. This is because the hormone levels tend to decline within the body. However, larger fibroids can cause discomfort and even pain. In addition, Fibroids can cause back pain, severe menstrual cramps, and sharp stabbing pains in the abdomen.
Can Fibroids Shrink Over The Time?
Usually, Fibroids shrink or grow over time. Therefore, their size suddenly or steadily increases over a more extended time. This fibroid size change depends on the number of hormones in the body. If a woman has high levels of hormones, fibroids get bigger. This happens during pregnancy. The body releases high levels of hormones to support the growth of a baby, and this surge causes the fibroid to grow in size. Furthermore, Fibroids also shrink when the hormone level drops after menopause. After menopause, the hormones tend to get lower, which causes the fibroids to shrink in size.
Anemia is another problem that can happen to women who have frequent or hefty periods. So, Fibroids tend to make heavy flow during periods. Seek a physician’s help if you have anemia symptoms while you have fibroids or if you have fibroids in the uterus and you are expecting a child. Again large fibroids can cause extreme concern; they can prevent the fetus from flipping into the correct fetal position, increasing the risk of a breech birth or malpresentation of the fetal head. Women tend to have a higher risk of C-section delivery. In addition, Fibroids can lead to infertility in some cases. Doctors can easily treat this disorder, and some people become pregnant after getting their treatment.
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What Are The Steps To Diagnosing Uterine Fibroids With A Sonography Test?
A doctor can investigate Fibroids during a pelvic exam or prenatal care. There are several tests to confirm fibroids and determine their size and location.
- Ultrasonography creates pictures of the internal organs with sound waves. The radiologist may use the route transvaginal or transabdominal to detect the presence of fibroids.
- Magnetic resonance imaging creates detailed images of the organs by magnets and radio waves. MRI provides the size, number, and exact location of the fibroids. It is more expensive than ultrasound. This imaging test provides more detailed information than an ultrasound.
- Computed tomography uses X-ray images to produce images of internal organs from different angles.
- Hysteroscopy uses a scope device to detect fibroids inside the uterus. The examiner passes the thin, flexible tube with a camera on one end through the vagina and cervix and then moves it into the uterus.
- Hysterosalpingography is a procedure where the examiner injects the contrast material first, and X-rays are taken. The doctor will fill the uterus and fallopian tubes with water-soluble contrast material. The radiologist will then use fluoroscopy to view and assess the presence of any fibroids on an x-ray. Doctors recommend this test for women with infertility problems.
- In Sonohysterography the examiner places a small catheter transvaginally and injects the saline solution into the uterine cavity. The fluid helps to create a better picture of the uterus. In addition, the saline solution helps to expand the uterus so that it is easier to get good images of the uterine lining.
- In Laparoscopy the doctor makes a small cut in the lower abdomen and inserts a thin, flexible tube with a camera on one end to view more closely at the internal organs. The camera captures the images and records them on a monitor. This procedure allows a surgeon to view the inside of the body.
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What Are The Treatment For Uterine Fibroids?
In many cases, the patient does not need any treatment. However, if fibroids cause pain, discomfort, or heavy menstrual bleeding, there are some options to choose from. Women experiencing symptoms from fibroids, including anemia from excess bleeding, severe pain, infertility issues, or urinary tract and bowel problems, should immediately consult a doctor. The treatment depends on the size, location, and presence of many fibroids. The gynecologist will check the severity of the symptoms, age, and medical history of the patient before deciding on the treatment. Treatment for uterine fibroids also includes pain relief medicines to relieve discomfort during the menstrual period.
Doctors may prescribe birth control pills or a hormone-releasing intrauterine device to regulate the hormone levels, decreasing symptoms.
Furthermore, the doctor may conduct some minimally invasive procedures to treat fibroids.
- Uterine artery embolization: doctors can shrink the uterine fibroids by cutting off the blood supply by performing a uterine artery embolization. The doctor places a tiny plastic or gel particle in the blood vessels.
- Radiofrequency ablation: uses radiofrequency energy to destroy the uterine fibroids and shrink the blood vessels that feed them. First, the doctor makes two incisions in the abdomen through which he inserts a camera. Once he locates the fibroid, he inserts a device with tiny needles. It provides heat to the fibroid tissue and eventually eliminates it. This is a safe treatment for symptomatic uterine fibroids. The doctors can do it with laparoscopic, transvaginal, or transcervical approaches.
- Hysteroscopic myomectomy: the doctor removes the fibroids attached to the lining.
- Endometrial ablation: uses heat, electricity, and hot water to destroy the lining of the uterus to remove the fibroids.
- Laparoscopic myomectomy: a robotic myomectomy makes small incisions in the abdomen, through which thin instruments are inserted to remove the fibroids.
- An abdominal myomectomy is a surgical procedure to eliminate uterine fibroids if they are severe. Surgeons take out the fibroids in the uterus carefully. If a woman does not want any children, the surgeon may recommend a hysterectomy, a procedure of surgical removal of the entire uterus.
We are equipped with the latest ultrasound test machines to provide full detailed and accurate results for a sonography test. To know further, visit our nearest lab.
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